Gold Glass

Bowl Base with Saints Peter and Paul

Late 4th century

Gold Glass Medallion with a Mother and Child

Early 4th century

Peregrina between Saints Peter and Paul

Mid-300s

Bowl Base with the Portrait of a Young Man

300–500

Christ as a Miracle Worker

300–500

Portrait of a Woman

4th century

Bowl Base with Miracle Scenes

ca. 350–400

Commemorations of the dead held at the deceased’s tomb focused on bidding farewell to loved ones and praying for the pardon of their sins and for their salvation. The catacombs of Rome—underground burial chambers used by all religions in the late Roman and early Byzantine era—are a particularly rich source of early Christian imagery. These images express Christian hopes of salvation. Here a beardless man dressed in a toga and the inscription “Live” are framed by miracle scenes. Beginning at the top and moving clockwise, these are Christ saving the three Hebrews in the fiery furnace (Daniel 3), Christ healing the paralytic (Matthew 9:1–8), Tobias with the fish that the archangel Raphael advises him will help restore his father’s sight (Tobit 6), and Christ turning water into wine at Cana (John 2:3–10).

Bowl Base with a Marriage Scene

4th–5th century

Medallion with a Portrait of Gennadios

250–300

Christ Giving Martyrs’ Crowns to Saints Peter and Paul

ca. 350

Bowl Base

300–early 400s

Menorah, Shofar, and Torah Ark

300–350

Saint Lawrence

5th century

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The Byzantine Legacy
Created by David Hendrix Copyright 2016