The Maskell Passion Ivories
These ivory panels, produced around AD 420–30, possibly in Rome, illustrate the earliest known depiction of the Passion narrative in a series of four ivory panels that originally served as the sides of a small square casket. The panels are carved in high relief with a cycle of seven episodes from Jesus’ Passion. The narrative begins on the first panel with Pilate washing his hands, Jesus carrying his own cross, and the denial of Peter. The second panel depicts the suicide of Judas alongside Jesus’ crucifixion. The third panel features the women at the empty tomb; and the fourth illustrates the appearance of the risen Jesus to his disciples, incorporating the doubting of Thomas.