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Bouthroton (modern Butrint, Albania) was a city of Epirus. It was a suffragan bishopric (attested from the mid-5th century) of Nikopolis, later of Naupaktos. It was probably ruralized thereafter. Arsenios, metropolitan of Kerkyra, praised its richness in fish and oysters, as well as the fertility of its territory. In the 12th century al-Idrisi described Bouthroton as a small town with markets. In 1081 and 1084 Bouthroton was captured by the Normans. After 1204 it was first controlled by the despotate of Epiros, but from the mid-13th century Bouthroton was contested between Manfred of Sicily, Michael VIII, and Charles I of Anjou, being temporarily returned to the Epirots. In 1386 it was ceded to Venice. The surviving fortifications of Bouthroton are mainly post-Byzantine, but they contain masonry from as early as the 10th century. Remains of several Early Christian basilicas and a triconch building have been found; east of the ancient theater is an elaborate baptistery renovated in the 6th century, with mosaics probably of the 4th century. On the acropolis are ruins of a large three-aisled basilica with transept, probably constructed in the 5th-6th centuries, rebuilt in the 11th-12th century. In the northeast corner of the walls are remains of a small single-aisled church, probably of the 13th-14th century.

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Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium edited by Alexander Kazhdan


Album (Byzantine Legacy Flickr)

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