Silivrikapı Hypogeum
Silivrikapı Hypogeum.jpg

A hypogeum was discovered in modern Istanbul north of the Gate of Pege (Turkish Silivrikapı) in 1988 between the outer and inner Theodosian Walls at the base of Tower 37. It appears to have been the tomb of an aristocratic family. The structure, possibly dating to the early 5th century, measures 7.70 x 6.30 meters with a north-south orientation. It has a gable roof covered with limestone slabs and consists of a burial chamber and an antechamber. It has five sarcophagi (one made of marble and four made of limestone) with reliefs including depictions of Christ and the Twelve Apostles, Moses receiving the Law, and the Sacrifice of Isaac. The marble sarcophagus has a christogram flanked by candlesticks. The style of these reliefs suggests they date from the late 4th century to early 5th century. Some of the reliefs were damaged by treasure hunters, but they were moved to Istanbul Archaeological Museums when treasure hunters were caught. Copies of the originals were then placed in the hypogeum. There were fragmentary frescoes depicting unidentifiable figures in a rural landscape that have largely been lost. The structure is now closed to the public.

Silivrikapı Hypogeum.jpg

Marble sarcophagus with a christogram flanked by candlesticks

Silivrikapı Hypogeum.jpg

Copy of Relief with Christ and the Twelve Apostles

Silivrikapı Hypogeum.jpg

Relief Fragment at the Istanbul Archaeological Museums

Fragmentary Fresco from Tunay

Reconstruction by Deckers & Serdaroğlu

map.jpg

References

“Das Hypogaum beirn Silivri-Kapz in Istanbul” by Deckers & Serdaroğlu

“Archaeological Findings in Istanbul during the Last Decade” by M.I. Tunay

“İstanbul İli, Kocamustafapaşa ve Yedikule'de Yapılan Yüzey Araştırmaları” by Özgümüş and Dark

Die Landmauer von Konstantinopel by N Asutay-Effenberger

Resources

Silivrikapı Hypogeum Album (Byzantine Legacy Flickr)

Theodosian Walls Album (Byzantine Legacy Flickr)

logo2.png
download.png
Support on Patreon 
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Twitter Social Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon
download.png
Support on Patreon 
The Byzantine Legacy
Created by David Hendrix Copyright 2016